What is Food?
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Many of us have a different view on what food is!
To some it is just calories, a substance to stop the hunger pains and to keep us going.
To others it’s a way to get the most out of life.
Food is far more than a stop gap just to get you through the day. Its main function is to replace the vitamins, minerals and amino acids used by the cells of the body in the cycle of life as well as to provide the energy to perform these tasks.
Foods are made up of:
Simple carbohydrates include glucose, fructose and galactose (monosaccharides, one-unit sugars) these can be absorbed directly and don’t require further breakdown from enzymes.
Both fibre and starch are complex carbohydrates (polysaccharides), meaning they are made up of many units of sugar and assembled into a long chain. Plant foods, including grains, potatoes and legumes, contain starches.
Fibre is the indigestible parts of plant foods, such as vegetables, fruits, grains, beans and legumes. It is a type of carbohydrate that helps keep our digestive systems healthy.
Resistant starch is just ONE of the elements that comprise dietary fibre. Dietary fibre is all the components of plant food that pass through the stomach and small intestine undigested.
Protein – What is it?
Animal proteins only have the upper hand on the number of amino acids present. Animal sources are said to be the best proteins because they have a complete set of amino acids.
Plants are regarded as not only a source of protein but also an excellent source of vitamins, minerals, fibres and antioxidants that no animal source can match.